Components of an Effective Aftercare Plan
Aftercare is defined as any program of support follows drug and alcohol treatment. A typical plan can take a variety of forms, including regular counseling, support groups, debriefings or booster sessions.
A good treatment center makes long-term recovery a top priority and won’t release people without a carefully devised aftercare plan. Usually, creating a highly individualized aftercare program is a team approach between clients and staff. The involvement of family also increases the odds of staying clean.
SAMHSA (Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration) has defined four major components of an effective aftercare plan.
- Health – managing addiction while learning to make healthy, informed choices that support physical health and emotional wellbeing.
- Home – maintaining a safe, stable place to live after completion of treatment.
- Community – building social networks and stable relationships that offer friendship, love and support.
- Purpose – establishing a life with meaningful daily activities and endeavors, including work and family, as well as income and resources necessary to participate in society.
An aftercare program may also include medication, transportation, child care, financial planning, job training and assistance with legal problems. Aftercare may last a few weeks or several months, although some people continue some form of aftercare for years.