Mental Health and Wellbeing

At Paracelsus Recovery, our treatment programmes for personality disorders are centered on helping you regain control over your emotions, thoughts and behaviours. All of our treatment programmes are individually tailored and we only ever treat one client at any given time.

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Exclusive Personality Disorders Treatment

At Paracelsus Recovery, we provide treatment for all types of personality disorders. Upon arrival, we will conduct a thorough psychiatric evaluation to identify which personality disorder you are struggling with, its severity and whether any other mental health conditions are present. We also provide an extensive medical check-up, comprehensive laboratory tests, a functional health assessment and a lifestyle assessment. With this information, we design a comprehensive treatment programme based on your unique set of needs.

During treatment, you will work with a core psychotherapeutic team consisting of a psychiatrist, a live-in therapist and a specialist psychotherapist. Working in a collaborative and close manner, the core team will help you process and overcome the underlying causes of the personality disorder.

We also provide biochemical restoration and functional medicine to re-balance your cellular, neurological and biological health. Complementary therapies such as yoga, reflexology and acupuncture are included, as appropriate, to strengthen the mind-body relationship.

Our psychiatrist can prescribe medication, but will only do so when symptoms remain after other forms of therapy have proven ineffective.

We can treat personality disorders at our inpatient treatment centres in Zurich and in London.

360° Treatment Approach - The most extensive and comprehensive treatment worldwide.

Medical Check-ups
& Treatments
Addiction
Counseling
Extensive
Psychotherapy
Eye Movement Desensitization
and Reprocessing
Family
Therapy
Psycho-Education
Neurofeedback
Interval Hypoxic
Hyperoxic Treatment
Bio-chemical
Restoration
Probiotic Therapies
& Psychonutrition
Lifestyle &
Nutritional Counseling
Bio Feedback
& Bio Resonance
Yoga
Reflexology
& Accupuncture
Massages
Personal training
Types of personality disorders

Cluster A

Cluster A personality disorders are characterised by abnormal patterns of thought and behaviour. They include:

Paranoid personality disorder - A person with a paranoid personality disorder is very distrusting of others. They can become quite hostile if they feel as though someone is trying to harm them.

Schizoid personality disorder - A schizoid personality disorder is a relatively uncommon condition. It is characterised by an excessive avoidance of social activates and an inability to express emotion.

Schizotypal personality disorder - A schizotypal personality disorder is characterised by the presence of unusual beliefs and difficulty forming relationships. Schizotypal personality disorder can also lead to hearing voices, social anxiety and an inability to express a wide range of emotions.

Types of personality disorders

Cluster B

Cluster B personality disorders are characterised by intense, emotional and unpredictable behaviour. They include:

Antisocial personality disorder - If someone has an antisocial personality disorder, they lack empathy or remorse, exhibit a complete disregard for others and can be both psychologically and physically aggressive. These symptoms can manifest as antagonising, abusing and manipulating others, persistent lying and impulsivity.

Borderline personality disorder (BPD) - People with BPD struggle with intermittent feelings of intense emptiness, paranoia, stress and anger. Symptoms of BPD include mood swings, rage and depressive symptoms. People with BPD can struggle to maintain relationships and jobs as the condition can lead to an intense fear of abandonment or rejection, which often triggers uncontrollable fits of rage.

Narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) - Symptoms of NPD include a sense of superiority over others, an inability to feel empathy, a fixation on fantasies of power or success and a need for constant admiration. NPD can make an individual terrified of intimacy, often to the point of deeply hurting and manipulating (insert a link to narcissistic abuse?) their loved ones to avoid the vulnerability that comes with love.

Histrionic personality disorder (HPD) - A histrionic personality disorder is characterised by a pattern of excessive attention-seeking behaviour that usually starts in early childhood. These include an excessive need for approval, inappropriate seductive behaviour and hostility when they feel ignored.

Types of personality disorders

Cluster C

Cluster C personality disorders are characterised by anxious and fearful thinking or behaviour. They include:

Avoidant Personality disorder - An avoidant personality disorder is characterised by persistent feelings of nervousness, fear and low self-esteem. Individuals who struggle with an avoidant personality disorder will be afraid of rejection and being judged by others. As a result, they can struggle with other mental health conditions such as generalised anxiety disorder or social phobias.

Dependent personality disorder - Dependent personality disorder (DPD) is characterised by low self-esteem, a sense of helplessness, submissiveness and a need for constant reassurance. People with DPD often seek out others who can take care of them and make decisions for them.

Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder - Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (OCPD) is a personality disorder characterised by extreme perfectionism and a rigid need for order. OCPD is similar to obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), except people with OCD are aware that their thoughts and actions are irrational. In contrast, people with OCPD tend to believe that their actions are more rational.

Understanding Personality Disorders

When we speak of ‘personality’ we are referring to the patterns of behaviour, thoughts and emotions that make a person who they are. Our personality is moulded throughout our lives, influenced by our experiences, our childhood and our biology and is never wholly consistent. Instead, our personality is that core sense of ourselves which allows us to understand why we are different from others and how to adapt to life’s stressors.

If someone has a personality disorder, they do not have this stable sense of who they are and can find it difficult to respond to reality. They will also find it difficult to differentiate their own emotions from those around them which can lead to long-term patterns of behaviour, emotions and thoughts that are unhealthy and inflexible.

There is no single cause of a personality disorder but childhood trauma plays a substantial role in its development. If a child experiences a traumatic event, it will impact all areas of their development. The intense emotions invoked by trauma can shape elements of their personality and influence how they perceive themselves, others and the world. Personality disorders usually begin during childhood or adolescence.

FAQs

A personality disorder is a mental health condition characterised by long-term patterns of inflexible thoughts and behaviours that detrimentally impact a person’s life. One of the most challenging aspects of a personality disorder is that they are ego-syntonic. This means that when someone has a personality disorder, they may not realise that they have a mental health condition as they cannot recognise that their symptoms are causing them distress.

As with all types of personality disorders, there is no cure for NPD but treatment can be effective. The best treatment for a narcissistic personality disorder is based on intensive psychotherapy to help individuals develop social skills and construct a self-image that is more reflective of reality.

The most effective treatment for borderline personality disorder is based on specialised psychotherapy, lifestyle adjustments and medication (if deemed necessary). Mentalisation-based psychotherapy is a particularly effective method that was designed specifically for BPD.

The most common cause of personality disorders is trauma in early childhood. Experiences such as abuse, absent parenting, neglect and violence can lead to personality disorders (and many other mental health conditions). Brain chemistry and genetic factors also play a role in the development of a personality disorder.

Our treatment programmes will always depend on the individual’s unique circumstances, lifestyle and personal history. Our treatment programmes for personality disorders are centered on intensive psychotherapy and biochemical restoration. Our expert psychotherapists will use the most cutting-edge techniques to help you overcome any related traumas and to develop healthier ways of responding to your emotions. The psychotherapy sessions will also include psychoeducation to help you become more aware of how the personality disorder has impacted your life.

Meet the team responsible for Personality Disorders Treatment

Meet the team